The tendons in our bodies are the structures that connect muscles to bones. It is a result of the muscle contracting and pulling on these tendons that makes movement possible.
When we move a set of muscles too much a strain of the tendon may occur. This strain results in the swelling of the outer lining of a tendon or micro tears within the tendon structure, resulting in TENDONITIS. Frequently this condition will cause pain and swelling in the area of tendon injury.
If we continue exertion of this tendon/muscle complex further damage may occur making it too painful to even move the injured part.
Many persons who suffer rupture (complete tear) of a tendon, do so as a result of attempting to “push through” the pain and not taking heed to our bodies own warning signs that there is something wrong.
With your doctor’s help, tendonitis can be controlled, thus reducing your symptoms and your risk of future problems.
Because there are numerous tendons around the foot and ankle, the location of pain will depend on which tendon has been over-worked.
Occasionally x-rays will be taken to eliminate the potential for a broken bone. Your doctor may even recommend an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging ) to evaluate the injured part. Typically however, simple testing using strength/resistance and palpation can be beneficial in placing the diagnosis.
There are3 main treatments to control this condition;
#1: ICE and Heat.. ice has been known to help prevent swelling and reduce pain. Placing ice on the injured area for approximately 10 minutes and repeating several times a day will reduce pain and swelling. If a person already has swelling, applying a heating pad or hot towel to the tendon for 30 minutes 2 or 3 times daily may help reduce some of the swelling and discomfort.
#2: Medications.. Your doctor may recommend the use of an anti-inflammatory medication which can be taken orally or applied topically. It is important to take this medication as directed, and not use the medication only when there is pain. Occasionally, cortisone will be utilized to bring about pain relief.
#3: Limiting activities... Resting these injured structures allows the soft tissue to repair and heal. High impact activities such as running, jumping, tennis or racquetball should be avoided. It is recommended to consider less impact activities such as bicycling or swimming.